Comparative Study of Mental Health Status

International Journal of Sports Sciences and Fitness, Volume 5(1) 2015
*Raut Tanuja, S. and **Bhat Tanveer Ahmad
1. Assistant Professor, P.G.T.D of Physical Education, S.G.B.A.U., Amravati, INDIA.
2. Research Scholar, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, INDIA.
Email: tanuja _kathilkar @yahoo
(Received November, 28, 2014, accepted December 12, 2014)
This paper attempts to conduct a comparative study of Mental Health Status between Players
and Non Players of Amravati City. Researchers took 20 Players and 20 non players for the
present study and also age raging from 18-28 years. The mental health inventory (MHI-38)
was applied for the collection of data. The inventory included five mental health variables i,e
Anxiety, Depression, Loss Of Behaviour, Positive Affect, Emotional Ties and Life
Satisfaction. The subjects were selected by using simple random sampling method. In this
study data were analyzed and interpreted with the help of statistical term ‘t’ test. The findings
of the study shows that excepting life satisfaction variable of mental health status of players
were better than non players.
Key words: Mental Health, Anxiety, Depression, Loss Of Behaviour, Positive Affect.
Mental health is more than the absence of a mental health condition or illness: it is a
positive sense of well-being, or the capacity to enjoy life and deal with the challenges we
face. Mental health impacts each and every one of us. We all have mental health, just as we
all have physical health. People living with a mental health issue or condition can experience
positive mental health, and an individual may experience poor mental health without a mental
health condition. Mental health is not fixed. It is influenced by a range of factors, including
our life experiences, workplace or other environments, and the social and economic
conditions that shape our lives. Mental and physical health is fundamentally linked. There are
multiple associations between mental health and physical conditions that significantly impact
people’s quality of life. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines: health as a state of
complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or
International Journal of Sports Sciences and Fitness, Volume 5(1) 2015
infirmity. The WHO states that “there is no health without mental health. Mental health is the
“psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and
behavioural adjustment”. Mental health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life, and
create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. WHO
states that the mental well-being of an individual is encompassed in the realization of their
abilities, coping with normal stresses of life, productive work and contribution to their
community. A person struggling with his or her behavioural health may face
stress, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, addiction, or learning disabilities, mood
disorders, or other psychological concerns an age behavioural. Physical activity is good for
our mental health. Experts believe that exercise releases chemicals in your brain that make
you feel good. Regular exercise can also boost our self-esteem and help us in concentrating,
sleep, look and feel better. Leading an active life can help raise your self-worth and improve
our confidence. It can help us feel valued – and value our self. Exercise and physical activity
can provide something worthwhile in our life. Something that we really enjoy, that gives us a
goal to aim for and a sense of purpose.
There are some benefits of Physical Activities:
 less tension, stress and mental fatigue
 a natural energy boost
 improved sleep
 a sense of achievement
 focus in life and motivation
 less anger or frustration
 a healthy appetite
 better social life
 having fun.
After going through literature researcher think that, if physical activities can improve
the mental wellbeing of a person then players could have good mental health status than the
non player’s .Therefore researcher had taken a study entitled as Comparative Study of Mental
Health Status between Player and Non Player.
International Journal of Sports Sciences and Fitness, Volume 5(1) 2015
The main purpose of this study was to compare the mental health status of player and
non player. For this study 20 male players who represented inter university in any game & as
a non player 20 Male college students were selected from affiliated colleges of SGB
Amravati (M.S.) of Amravati city. For the collection of data simple random sampling method
are used. The data were collected by administered the standard mental health inventory
(MHI-38) on respective groups of player and non players .In this inventory five factors of
mental health was measured (i.e. anxiety, depression ,loss of behaviour, positive affect,
emotional ties life satisfaction ).Analysis of data was done with the help of “t” test. Analysis
is shown in the following table.
A Comparison of Scores of Mental Health Status (Anxiety, Depression, Loss Of
Behaviour, Positive Affect, Emotional Ties and Life Satisfaction) between Players and
non players
Variables Group Mean S.D M.D Calculated
Anxiety Players
Depression Players
Loss Of
Positive Players 46.7 3.84
International Journal of Sports Sciences and Fitness, Volume 5(1) 2015
6.5 2.67*
*Significant at .05 level
“t”.05 (38) = 2.0168
It is depicted from the Table 1 that the mean of (Anxiety) of player =40.65 and non
players =46.35, mean of (Depression) of player =15.32 and non players =18.95, mean of
(Loss Of Behaviour) of player =40.2 and non players =44.25, mean of (Positive Affect) of
player =46.7 and non players =40.2, the mean of (Emotional Ties) of player =10.05 and non
players =4.5, and also mean of (Life Satisfaction) of player =4.4 and non players =2.45. It
shows that there is a mean difference in all six components of mental health status. To see
these differences are significant are not at 0.05 level. The researcher calculated ‘t test .On the
bases of this there is significant difference between all five components of mental health
status of players and non players i,e Anxiety, Depression, Loss Of Behaviour, Positive Affect
and Emotional Ties. There is only one variable Life Satisfaction there is no significance
difference between players and non players. That means players are having good mental
health status as compared to non players.
International Journal of Sports Sciences and Fitness, Volume 5(1) 2015
Figure 1
Graph Comparison of Scores of Mental Health Status (Anxiety, Depression, Loss Of
Behaviour, Positive Affect, Emotional Ties and Life Satisfaction) between Player and
non players
Players are having better mental health status than non players. Over all mental health
status shows that there is significant difference in five variables of mental health status i,e
Anxiety, Depression, Loss Of Behaviour, Positive Affect, Emotional Ties in between players
and non players. Only in Life Satisfaction variable of mental health status non players are
better than players. But this difference is not significant. Being mentally healthy doesn’t
mean never going through bad times or experiencing mental problems. We all go through
disappointments, loss, and change. And while these are normal parts of life, they can still
cause sadness, anxiety, and stress. The difference is that people with good mental health have
an ability to bounce back from adversity, trauma, and stress. This ability is called resilience.
People who are mentally healthy have the tools for coping with difficult situations and
maintaining a positive outlook. They remain focused, flexible, and creative in bad times as
well as good. One of the key factors in resilience is the ability to balance stress and our
emotions. The capacity to recognize our emotions and express them appropriately helps you
avoid getting stuck in depression, anxiety, or other negative mood states. Another key factor
International Journal of Sports Sciences and Fitness, Volume 5(1) 2015
is having a strong support network. Having trusted people you can turn to for encouragement
and support will boost your resilience in tough times. Taking care of our body is a powerful
first step towards mental health. The mind and the body are linked. When we improve our
physical health, we’ll automatically experience greater mental health.
Alston (2000). “The Physical Fitness Programme of High School Girls on Three Physical
Fitness Test. Completed Research in Health, Physical Education and Recreation”.
Elgar, K., and Chester, A. (2007). The mental health implication of maternal employment
Australian Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, 6. P. 1-9.
Hakkinen (2004). “Association of Physical Fitness with Health-Related Quality of Life in
Finnish Young Men. Online Journal of Health and Quality of Life Outcomes”.
Hunsicker (2001). “AAPHER Youth Fitness Test Manual Revised. American Alliance for
Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, D.C.
Jagdish and Srivastava, A. K. (1983). Mental Health Inventory. Varanasi Manavaigyanik
Morgan, W. P. (1984). Selected psychological factors limiting performance: A mental health
model. American Academy of Physical Education Papers, 18. P. 70-80.
Copyright of International Journal of Sports Sciences & Fitness is the property of
International Journal of Sports Sciences & Fitness and its content may not be copied or
emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder’s express written
permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.

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