Security Baseline Scanning
To complete this lab exercise, you will be required to keep notes of all steps that you take. Your notes should include screenshots, descriptive explanations, and labels for each screenshot where applicable. The notes should also include copies of any scan results, results of any outputs created by using the benchmark tools in this exercise, as well as copies of any referenced reports not specifically referenced in these instructions.
After completing this lab exercise, you are expected to:
• Provide a description and copy of the proposed hardening approach you would take to address the vulnerabilities found during your Nessus scan.
• Incorporate answers to any questions set forth in this lab in your final Security Baseline Report.
The Goal of the Lab: The Need for Nations’ Security Baseline
Based on the Global Summit, you will need to work with other nation teams to build a system security baseline.
Generally, all nations need to define a security baseline. First, you will use OpenSCAP Workbench to build a custom baseline, and then use Nessus to scan the systems for vulnerabilities. The SCAP tools are used for modifying industry benchmark characteristics.
In this lab, you will use OpenSCAP Workbench to customize a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)-provided Configuration Baseline (the .xml file) in Part 1 and use Nessus to perform vulnerability scans of the computer systems with the NIST-provided Windows 7 Configuration Baseline in Part 2.
Normally, your computer system would be hardened after building the baseline. However, you will not need to harden the computer system in this exercise.
As part of the activities in this lab, you will keep a copy of the following in your notes for inclusion in your final project report deliverables:
• a copy of the Nessus scan report
• a copy of the benchmark configuration file you created in this exercise
You will also describe and document an effective approach for hardening the computer system that will be included in your notes and final project report.
Lab Reference Resources
Review the following to reinforce your understanding of the key concepts in this lab:
• Refer to the OpenSCAP Portal and Nessus websites for official documentations, user manuals, FAQs, webcast slides, online videos, and online presentations.
• Use tools such as the UMGC library, Google search engine, YouTube, and others for external resources such as videos, peer review articles, white papers, trade magazines, and online documentations.
• Be mindful of digital rights infringement and cite sources to credit authors where appropriate to support your work.
In order to get started on this lab, you must first access the Virtual Labs environment using the instructions provided in the UMGC Virtual Lab document (Navigating the Workspace and the Lab Setup) in the classroom. The link to this document is found in the “Complete This Lab” box in the project step where the link to this lab instructions is located and labeled.
Launch the Lab Broker application as instructed in the above document to connect to the lab VMs.
(a) After Lab Broker is launched, you will see a list of modules reflecting your course names. If you are accessing the lab for the first time, after expanding the list of nodes available for your course (CYB670), you will notice that the Connect and Start buttons are grayed out and only the Allocate Lab button is clickable.
(b) If necessary, refer to the lab setup document described above for additional details.
1. Enter the following credentials to connect to the WINATK01 VM when prompted:
Password: [email protected]
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